Facts at a glance:
Capital (of Antigua): St. John's
Capital (of Barbuda): Codrington
Form of Government: Parliamentary democracy, within the British Commonwealth of Nations
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II, represented in St. Johns by a Governor- General, Dr James Beethoven Carlisle
Head of Government: Prime Minister, the Hon. Winston Baldwin Spencer
Ethnic make-up: Mainly African descent, some traces of Irish blood
Location: 17.5° N, 62°W
Area: 280 sq. km/108 sq.mi.(Antigua); 161 sq.km/62 sq.mi.(Barbuda)
Population: 67,000 (1996)
Ethnic Make-Up: The majority of the population is of African descent, with some of British, Portuguese, Lebanese and Syrian origin.
Adult Literacy: 90%
Currency: Eastern Caribbean Dollar
Exchange Rate: US$1 = EC$2.70
Time Zone: EST +1; GMT -4
Phone Code: (268) plus local number
History: Columbus landed in Antigua and Barbuda in 1493 and it was settled by the English in 1632. After a brief period of French control, it passed back to Great Britain in 1667. Was a member of the short-lived Federation of the West Indies from 1958-1962.
On February 27, 1967 Antigua and its two dependencies, Barbuda and Redonda, entered into a free association with other British dependencies in the Windward and Leeward Islands. Antigua & Barbuda gained full independence on November 1, 1981 within the British Commonwealth.
UWI Connections: Contributing, non-campus country. Total students on campus 169 (2004/2005). University presence maintained by a Resident Tutor at the University Centre in St. John's.