Facts at a glance:
Official Name: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Capital: St Kitts: Basseterre; Nevis: Charlestown
Form of Government: Parliamentary Democracy, within the British Commonwealth
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General,
Cuthbert Montraville Sebastian
Head of Government: Prime Minister, Dr. the Rt. Hon. Denzil L. Douglas (a UWI alumnus)
Location: 17.5E°N; 62.2°W - 48 km (27 miles) west northwest of Antigua
Area: A total of 269 sq. km (104 sq. mi). St Kitts is 176 sq km and Nevis is 93 sq km separated by only 2 miles of water
Population: 42,000 (2001/2)
Ethnic Make-Up: Mainly of African descent, with some European and East Indian ancestry.
Adult Literacy: 95%
Currency: Eastern Caribbean Dollar (EC$)
Exchange rate: US$1.00 = EC$ 2.70
Time Zone: Eastern Standard Time +1; GMT -4
Phone Code: Regional code (869) plus city codes (Basseterre: 465/6; Charlestown: 469 plus the 4-digit local number
History: Christopher Columbus also landed in St Kitts in 1493. In 1816 St Kitts, Nevis, Anguilla and the Virgin Islands formed a single British colony. At various points in their history they were distinct units. St Kitts & Nevis were part of the short-lived West Indies Federation, 1958 - 1961. After the break-up of the Federation, St Kitts, Nevis and Anguilla formed a State of Association with Great Britain, with complete internal self-government but there was a history of internal strains with this arrangement, which ended in 1980 with Anguilla reverting to the status of a dependent British colony and St Kitts & Nevis proceeding to independent nationhood in September 1983.
UWI Connections: St Kitts & Nevis is a contributing, non-campus country with 88 (2004/2005) students registered at the UWI.