The Hugh Wynter Fertility Management Unit

Minimally Invasive Surgery

Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) is the current trend in all fields of surgery. Instead of large incisions with conventional operations, MIS involves the use of endoscopic devices and fine instruments through small incisions on the body wall. It allows for outpatient treatment or shorter hospital time, better cosmesis, less risk of internal scars (adhesions) and less post operative pain.


What is Endoscopic Gynaecological Surgery?

Endoscopic gynaecological surgery is a minimally invasive surgical technique used to visualize the inside of your body cavity with the help of a telescope that is attached to a camera. You are first sedated or given an anaesthetic to reduce any discomfort after which surgical instruments are inserted through small incisions or through natural body opening to perform the surgery. Laparoscopic and hysteroscopic procedures are endoscopic gynecological surgeries and therefore minimally invasive.


What is a Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that allows a look inside your abdomen.  It is used to diagnose and treat many conditions that affect women such as pelvic or abdominal pain, adhesions (scar tissue that attaches to organs), infertility, ectopic pregnancy etc. Some examples of procedures done by laparoscopy include, hysterectomy (removal of the womb), oopherectomy (removal of ovaries), myomectomy (removal of fibroids) treatment of endometriosis.


What is a Hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy allows the surgeon to look inside the uterine cavity to diagnose and treat conditions such as abnormal vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, infertility, fibroids, polyps etc.


Advantages of Endoscopic Gynaecological Surgery

Endoscopic gynaecological surgeries allow for early discharge home, less pain and quicker recovery.



The risks associated with endoscopic gyneacological surgeries is relatively low but may depend on your diagnosis and the type of procedure needed.


Other surgeries done via endoscopy include:

  • Tubal Ligation
  • Diagnostic Laparoscopy
  • Diagnostic Hysteroscopy
  • Operative Laparoscopy
  • Operative Hysteroscopy