Terms Definition
Beneficiary The set of individuals and/or organisations that experience the change of state at the ultimate outcome level of a Logic Model although they could
also be targeted in the immediate and intermediate outcome levels. Also referred to as the ‘reach’ or ‘target population’ (Treasury Board Secretariat lexicon, cited by CIDA/DFATD).
Bursary A monetary award granted on the basis of financial need.
Comprehensive Disaster Management Includes attention to all phases of the Disaster Management Cycle – prevention, mitigation, preparedness and response, recovery and
rehabilitation. It includes emphasis on reducing risk. This nomenclature is the term that reflects the global trend in the discipline for increased
focus on risk management and the intense desire among disaster management stakeholders in the Caribbean to accelerate initiatives in promoting disaster loss reduction (CDERA 2007).
Course A unit of teaching that lasts one academic term, comprised of a series of lessons or lectures on a particular subject. A structured academic programme in a particular subject area that leads to the award of a Certificate, Diploma, or Degree.
Culture An integrated pattern of beliefs, norms, values, and behaviours of a society. It is created by society and, in turn, also defines many of the key
elements of societies such as gender identities. Culture is not static but fluid and constantly changing, and there is no one absolute fixed definition for any one culture.
Disaster Risk Management The systematic process of using administrative directives, organisations, and operational skills and capacities to implement strategies, policies and improved coping capacities in order to lessen the adverse impacts of
hazards and the possibility of disaster (UNISDR 2009)
Disaster Risk Management Organisation An organisation, institution, or entity whose sole remit pertains to Disaster Risk Management (e.g., an NDO) or one whose portfolio or mandate includes a substantive focus on Disaster Risk Management
Disaster Risk Reduction The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events (UNISDR 2009).
Exchange Programme As it pertains to students, an agreement between universities that allows students from one university to complete part of their programmes at a partner institution as part of a reciprocal programme between institutions.
As it pertains to Faculty, an agreement between universities that allows
Faculty members from one university to teach, conduct research, or
collaborate with colleagues for one semester or an academic year at a
partner institution as part of a reciprocal programme between
institutions. During their stay, Faculty are exposed to the same
environment and working conditions as colleagues at their host
institution. The visitor receives a formal appointment as a visiting Faculty
member, is hosted by a research group, joins the teaching team of a
course (undergraduate or graduate level) in a specific area of interest, and
is invited to participate in various activities
Gender Refers to the social attributes and opportunities associated with being
male and female and the relationships between women and men and girls
and boys, as well as the relations between women and those between
men. These attributes, opportunities, and relationships are socially
constructed and are learned through socialisation processes. They are
context/time-specific and changeable. Gender determines what is
expected, allowed, and valued in a women or a man in a given context. In
most societies there are differences and inequalities between women and
men in responsibilities assigned, activities undertaken, access to and
control over resources, as well as decision-making opportunities. Gender
is part of the broader socio-cultural context (UN Women).
Refers to the socially constructed roles and responsibilities of women and
men. The concept of gender also includes the expectations held about the
characteristics, aptitudes and likely behaviours of both women and men
(femininity and masculinity). These roles and expectations are learned,
changeable over time, and variable within and between cultures.
Gender-based Analysis Plus (GBA+) Gender-based Analysis Plus (GBA+) is an analytical tool used to advance
gender equality. The ‘plus’ in the name highlights that Gender-based
Analysis goes beyond gender, and includes the examination of a range of
other intersecting identity factors such as age, education, language,
geography, culture, and income.
Gender Equality Gender equality means that women and men enjoy the same status. It
means that women and men have equal conditions for realising their full
human rights and potential to contribute to national, political, economic,
social and cultural development, and to benefit from the results. Gender
equality is therefore the equal valuing by society of both the similarities
and differences between women and men, and the varying roles that they
Gender Equity The process of being fair to women and men. To ensure gender equity,
measures must often be available to compensate for historical and social
disadvantages that prevent women and men from otherwise operating on
a level playing field.
Gender Mainstreaming Mainstreaming a gender perspective is the process of assessing the
implications for women and men of any planned action, including
legislation, policies, or programmes, in all areas and at all levels. It is a
strategy for making women's as well as men's concerns and experiences
an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring, and
evaluation of policies and programmes in all political, economic, and
societal spheres so that women and men benefit equally and inequality is
not perpetuated. The ultimate goal is to achieve gender equality (United
Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC 1997).
Hazard A dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity or condition that
may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage,
loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or
environmental damage (UNISDR 2009).
Natural Hazard Natural process or phenomenon that may cause loss of life, injury or
other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services,
social and economic disruption, or environmental damage (UNISDR
Technological Hazard A hazard originating from technological or industrial conditions,
including accidents, dangerous procedures, infrastructure failures or
specific human activities, that may cause loss of life, injury, illness or
other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services,
social and economic disruption, or environmental degradation (UNISDR
Initiative Countries & Universities The Initiative Countries include the 18 CDEMA Participating States, the
UWI-16 countries, and the countries of the Caribbean region: Anguilla,
Antigua, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Cayman Islands,
Cuba, Curaçao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe,
Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, St.
Barthélemy, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, St. Martin, St.
Vincent & the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad & Tobago, Turks & Caicos
Islands, and the Virgin Islands.
The Initiative Universities include the universities of Las Palmas de Gran
Canaria, Malta, Mauritius, Seychelles, the South Pacific, the Virgin
Islands, the West Indies, and Universities in Canada.
In-Kind Contribution In-kind contribution reflects the meaningful collaboration and
involvement of an organisation in providing resources that are either
given as goods, commodities, or services instead of money.
Management Advisory Committee (MAC) A small management group comprised of the Pro Vice Chancellor (PVC)
Graduate Studies and Research (UWI), a representative of the Disaster
Risk Reduction Centre (UWI), a representative of the Institute of
Sustainable Development (UWI), and a maximum of two other members
as identified by the PVC, with responsibility for oversight of the
operations of the Initiative and the provision of ongoing operational
guidance for its implementation.
Mainstreaming Making Comprehensive Disaster Management an integral dimension of
the policies and programmes in all political, economic and societal
spheres (BCPR, cited in CDEMA 2012).
Medium Enterprise Enterprise with 21-50 employees and > J$50 million ≤ J$150 million in
total annual sales/turnover (Jamaica’s Definition).
25-50 employees OR 4,000-6,000 ft2 of manufacturing area AND
USD50,000-200,000 investment in equipment OR USD125,000-750,000
in annual sales (CTCS of CDB).
National Disaster Organisation (NDO) National organisational structure of agencies linked for the purpose of
attending to the legal, institutional, and operational aspects of disaster
prevention and mitigation, preparedness and response, and recovery and
rehabilitation. The NDO is generally headed by the Prime Minister or
Head of government in the respective country (Baastel-ESL, cited in
CDEMA 2007).
A grouping led by the National Disaster Office but comprised of a broadbased
cross-section of stakeholders (Carby).
Partner The individuals and/or organisations that collaborate to achieve mutually
agreed upon expected results. (OECD-DAC Glossary of Key Terms in
Evaluation and Results Based Management, with slight modification,
cited by CIDA/DFATD).
Performance Indicator A quantitative or qualitative unit of measurement that specifies what is to
be measured along a scale or dimension.
Quantitative performance indicators are discrete measures such as a
number, frequency, percentile, and ratio.
Qualitative performance indicators are measures of an individual or
group's judgement and/or perception of congruence with established
standards, the presence or absence of specific conditions, the quality of
something, or the opinion about something.
Regional As it pertains to the Caribbean, a ‘regional’ geographic scope would
ensure coverage of the three main island groupings (the Greater Antilles,
the Lesser Antilles, and the islands of the Bahamas and Turks and
Caicos archipelagos), as well as Belize and the Guianas.
Technical Committee (TC) A cadre of professionals from various academic and professional
disciplines relevant to the Initiative’s goals whose expertise can be used to
guide implementation and provide technical advice; a multi-stakeholder
group responsible for technical oversight of the Initiative.
Scholarship A merit-based financial award for academic achievement. The award may
constitute cash and/or a waiver of fees.
Sector A distinct part or branch of industry, economy, market, or society within
a country or a sphere of activity whose components share similar
Sex Refers to the biological characteristics which define humans as female or
male. These sets of biological characteristics are not mutually exclusive
as there are individuals who possess both, but these characteristics tend
to differentiate humans as males and females.
Small Enterprise Enterprise with 6-20 employees and > J$10 million ≤ J$50 million in total
annual sales/turnover (Jamaica’s Definition).
Less than 25 employees OR Less than 4,000 ft2 of manufacturing area
AND Less than USD50,000 investments in equipment OR Less than
USD125,000 in annual sales (CTCS of CDB).
Stakeholder An individual, group, institution, or government with an interest or
concern, either economic, societal, or environmental, in a particular
measure, proposal, or event (Termium Plus, cited by CIDA/DFATD).
Studentship Also known as a ‘Departmental Award’ Financial support offered by various Departments in the University to
enable students to purse postgraduate research degrees in specific areas.
Support is usually in the form of cash payments and/or tuition fee
waivers. In most cases, students perform services for the Department in
return (e.g., instruction duties in tutorials, labs, field trips, etc.).
Target A particular value for a performance indicator to be accomplished by a
specific date in the future. It is what the Initiative would like to achieve
within a certain period of time in relation to one of its expected results
Workflow The tasks, procedural steps, organisations or people involved, required
input and output information, and tools needed for each step in a
business process.